Cabin Creek Battlefield
(July 1-2, 1863)
A pivotal battle of the Trans-Mississippi Theatre was fought at Cabin Creek. The battle, fought on July 1-2, 1863, began when Union forces, commanded by Colonel James Williams, were attacked by Confederate soldiers commanded by Colonel Stand Watie on the banks of the Cabin Creek. Williams was on his way with a supply wagon from Fort Scott, in Kansas to Fort Gibson when his 1st Kansas Colored Infantry were attacked by Watie and 3,000 Confederate Cherokees and Texans. Watie and the Confederates were outnumbered and after two days of heavy artillery fire and several cavalry charges, were forced to flee, allowing Williams and his badly-needed supplies to reach Fort Gibson. The engagement was the first battle west of the Mississippi in which Colored Union soldiers played a significant role.
Cabin Creek Battlefield is located in North-eastern Oklahoma. It is located off Highway 28, near Pensacola. Follow signs.
Cabin Creek Battlefield is owned by the Historical Society of Oklahoma and is administered by the Friends of Cabin Creek Association. The battlefield is small, but occupies a commanding position over the Cabin Creek. The battlefield consists of a wooded park, with 11 granite markers in a circle around the park which detail the different actions of the battle. A lone monument to the valiant Confederate soldiers lies in the middle of the park, erected by the United Daughters of the Confederacy. Although the battles of the Trans-Mississippi Theatre are often forgotten, this battlefield is an appropriate memorial to the men who died in this forgotten battle.